Book of the Month Archive

Corporate Social Responsibility and Human Resource Management: A Diversity Perspective (Feb 2015)

Mine Karatas_-O_zkan, Katerina Nicolopoulou, Mustafa F. O_zbilgin (editors)

This innovative book analyses the intersection between the fields of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Human Resource Management (HRM), with a focus on diversity management. The book presents the scope of institutional engagements with CSR and diversity policies in a range of organizations and organizational networks.

The editors explore the macro, meso and micro aspects of CSR, answering questions such as: what are the socio-economic, political, legal and cultural influences shaping CSR and diversity management? What are the institutional practices for linking CSR and HRM, and what are the implications of this for employee and organizational well-being? And, how can the differing needs and expectations of a diverse workforce be fulfilled through CSR?

Including both theoretical and empirical chapters, the contributors explore how global organizations and organizational networks can collaborate with stakeholders within their community to leverage their HRM strategies. They share their knowledge of the management process involved in mainstreaming diversity through effective design and implementation of CSR programs in organizations.

This book will be a valuable resource for students at postgraduate and research level. It will also appeal to international audiences, including academic researchers, policy makers and organizational practitioners interested in the concept of corporate social responsibility and its links to human resource management in the context of globalization.  [from publisher web site]

Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar. 334 pages
ISBN: 9781848447936
Call number: HF5549 .C67 2014

The Workplace Constitution from the New Deal to the New Right (Jan 2015)

Sophia Z. Lee

Today, most Americans lack constitutional rights on the job. Instead of enjoying free speech or privacy, they can be fired for almost any reason or no reason at all. This book uses history to explain why. It takes readers back to the 1930s and 1940s when advocates across the political spectrum – labor leaders, civil rights advocates, and conservatives opposed to government regulation – set out to enshrine constitutional rights in the workplace. The book tells their interlocking stories of fighting for constitutional protections for American workers, recovers their surprising successes, explains their ultimate failure, and helps readers assess this outcome.  [from publisher web site]

New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 401 pages
ISBN: 9781107613218
Call number: KF3369 .L368 2014

The Oxford Handbook of Conflict Management in Organizations (Dec 2014)

William K. Roche, Paul Teague and Alexander J.S. Colvin (editors)

This book explores conflict management in organizations, focusing on the various organizational practices and procedures used to resolve and sometimes prevent conflict in the workplace in countries such as Japan, China, Germany, New Zealand, Australia, Britain, and the United States. It looks at conventional approaches based on standard grievance and dispute resolution procedures as well as alternative dispute resolution methods that seek ways other than civil litigation or turn to administrative agencies that implement employment laws. It discusses grievance procedures under collective bargaining and in non-union firms, along with workplace mediation, interest-based bargaining, the nature and outcomes of conflict management systems, and the role of the organizational ombudsman, third parties, and line managers in conflict management and resolution. In addition, the book examines developments in employment rights and human resources management perspectives on conflict management. It also presents a series of case studies of exemplars and innovators in conflict management, including ‘judicial mediation’ practiced by employment tribunals in the UK. [from publisher web site]

Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. 541 pages
ISBN: 9780199653676
Call number: HD42 .O936 2014

What Does the Minimum Wage Do? (Nov 2014)

Dale Belman and Paul J. Wolfson

Belman and Wolfson have compiled the most comprehensive, analytical, and unbiased assessment of the effects of minimum wage increases that has ever been produced. Based on a rigorous meta-analysis of more than 200 scholarly publications published since 1991 (most after 2000) that address the various impacts of raising the minimum wage, the authors observe several outcomes influenced by increases in the minimum wage, how long it takes those outcomes to respond, the magnitude of effects, why increases in the minimum wage have the results they do, and the workers most likely to be impacted. The breadth and depth of their investigation clarifies the issues surrounding employment, wages, poverty and inequality, and effect by gender.

This is essential reading for anyone interested in the effects of raising the minimum wage.

Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 471 pages
ISBN: 9780880994569
Call number: HD4918 .B45 2014

Factory Man: How One Furniture Maker Battled Offshoring, Stayed Local - And Helped Save an American Town (Oct 2014)

Beth Macy

The Bassett Furniture Company was once the world's biggest wood furniture manufacturer. Run by the same powerful Virginia family for generations, it was also the center of life in Bassett, Virginia. But beginning in the 1980s, the first waves of Asian competition hit, and ultimately Bassett was forced to send its production overseas.

One man fought back: John Bassett III, a shrewd and determined third-generation factory man, now chairman of Vaughan-Bassett Furniture Co, which employs more than 700 Virginians and has sales of more than $90 million. In Factory Man, Beth Macy brings to life Bassett's deeply personal furniture and family story, along with a host of characters from an industry that was as cutthroat as it was colorful. As she shows how he uses legal maneuvers, factory efficiencies, and sheer grit and cunning to save hundreds of jobs, she also reveals the truth about modern industry in America. [from publisher web site]

New York: Little, Brown and Company. 451 pages
ISBN: 9780316231435
Call number: HD9773.U74 V38 2014

The Oxford Handbook of Leadership and Organizations (Sep 2014)

David V. Day (Ed.)

The Oxford Handbook of Leadership and Organizations provides in-depth treatment on scholarly topics representing the discipline of leadership. The Handbook comprises a collection of comprehensive, state-of-the-science reviews and perspectives on the most pressing historical and contemporary leadership issues, with a particular focus on theory and research. It provides a broad picture of the leadership field, as well as detailed reviews and perspectives within the respective areas. The Handbook features the contributions of leading international scholars across forty chapters, which are organized into eight sections representing the history and background of leadership, research methods, leader-centric theories and approaches, follower-centric theories and approaches, dyadic and team-centric theories and approaches, emerging issues in organizational leadership, emerging contextual issues in leadership, and special issues in leadership. The knowledge compiled in this volume represents the state of the science with regard to leadership and organizations. [from publisher web site]

New York: Oxford University Press. 892 pages
ISBN: 9780199755615
Call number: HD57.7 .O966 2014

The Chicken Trail: Following Workers, Migrants, and Corporations Across the Americas (Aug 2014)

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

In The Chicken Trail, Kathleen C. Schwartzman examines the impact of globalization—and of NAFTA in particular—on the North American poultry industry, focusing on the displacement of African American workers in the southeast United States and workers in Mexico. Schwartzman documents how the transformation of U.S. poultry production in the 1980s increased its export capacity and changed the nature and consequences of labor conflict. She documents how globalization—and NAFTA in particular—forced Mexico to open its commodity and capital markets, and eliminate state support of corporations and rural smallholders. As a consequence, many Mexicans were forced to abandon their no longer sustainable small farms, with some seeking work in industrialized poultry factories north of the border.

By following this chicken trail, Schwartzman breaks through the deadlocked immigration debate, highlighting the broader economic and political contexts of immigration flows. The narrative that undocumented worker take jobs that Americans don't want to do is too simplistic. Schwartzman argues instead that illegal immigration is better understood as a labor story in which the hiring of undocumented workers is part of a management response to the crises of profit making and labor-management conflict. By placing the poultry industry at the center of a constellation of competing individual, corporate, and national interests and such factors as national debt, free trade, economic development, industrial restructuring, and African American unemployment, The Chicken Trail makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the implications of globalization for labor and how the externalities of free trade and neoliberalism become the social problems of nations and the tragedies of individuals.
[from publisher web site]

Ithaca: ILR Press/Cornell University Press. 202 pages
ISBN: 9780801451164
Call number: HD9437.U62 S49 2013

Private Equity at Work: When Wall Street Manages Main Street (Jul 2014)

Eileen Appelbaum, Rosemary Batt

Private equity firms have long been at the center of public debates on the impact of the financial sector on Main Street companies. Are these firms financial innovators that save failing businesses or financial predators that bankrupt otherwise healthy companies and destroy jobs? The first comprehensive examination of this topic, Private Equity at Work provides a detailed yet accessible guide to this controversial business model. Economist Eileen Appelbaum and Professor Rosemary Batt carefully evaluate the evidence—including original case studies and interviews, legal documents, bankruptcy proceedings, media coverage, and existing academic scholarship—to demonstrate the effects of private equity on American businesses and workers. They document that while private equity firms have had positive effects on the operations and growth of small and mid-sized companies and in turning around failing companies, the interventions of private equity more often than not lead to significant negative consequences for many businesses and workers.

Prior research on private equity has focused almost exclusively on the financial performance of private equity funds and the returns to their investors. Private Equity at Work provides a new roadmap to the largely hidden internal operations of these firms, showing how their business strategies disproportionately benefit the partners in private equity firms at the expense of other stakeholders and taxpayers. In the 1980s, leveraged buyouts by private equity firms saw high returns and were widely considered the solution to corporate wastefulness and mismanagement. And since 2000, nearly 11,500 companies—representing almost 8 million employees—have been purchased by private equity firms. As their role in the economy has increased, they have come under fire from labor unions and community advocates who argue that the proliferation of leveraged buyouts destroys jobs, causes wages to stagnate, saddles otherwise healthy companies with debt, and leads to subsidies from taxpayers. Appelbaum and Batt show that private equity firms’ financial strategies are designed to extract maximum value from the companies they buy and sell, often to the detriment of those companies and their employees and suppliers. Their risky decisions include buying companies and extracting dividends by loading them with high levels of debt and selling assets. These actions often lead to financial distress and a disproportionate focus on cost-cutting, outsourcing, and wage and benefit losses for workers, especially if they are unionized.

Because the law views private equity firms as investors rather than employers, private equity owners are not held accountable for their actions in ways that public corporations are. And their actions are not transparent because private equity owned companies are not regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Thus, any debts or costs of bankruptcy incurred fall on businesses owned by private equity and their workers, not the private equity firms that govern them. For employees this often means loss of jobs, health and pension benefits, and retirement income. Appelbaum and Batt conclude with a set of policy recommendations intended to curb the negative effects of private equity while preserving its constructive role in the economy. These include policies to improve transparency and accountability, as well as changes that would reduce the excessive use of financial engineering strategies by firms.

A groundbreaking analysis of a hotly contested business model, Private Equity at Work provides an unprecedented analysis of the little-understood inner workings of private equity and of the effects of leveraged buyouts on American companies and workers. This important new work will be a valuable resource for scholars, policymakers, and the informed public alike. [from publisher web site]

New York: Russell Sage Foundation. 381 pages
ISBN: 9780871540393
Call number: HG4751 .A67 2014

Labor, Economy, and Society (Jun 2014)

Jeffrey J. Sallaz

Work is, and always will be, a central institution of society. What makes a capitalist society unique is that it treats the human capacity to engage in labor as a basic commodity. This can be a source of dynamism, as when innovative firms raise wages to attract the best and brightest. But it can also be a source of misery, as when one’s skills are suddenly rendered obsolete by forces beyond one’s control.

Jeffrey J. Sallaz asks us to rethink our basic assumptions about work. Drawing on cutting-edge theories within economic sociology and through the use of contemporary examples, he conceptualizes labor as embedded exchange. This draws attention to issues that all too frequently are overlooked in our public discourse and private imaginations: how various forms of work are classified and valued; how markets for labor operate in practice; and how people can challenge the central fiction that their work is simply a commodity to be bought and sold.

This readable and engaging book is suitable for both graduate and advanced undergraduate students. It will be of interest to economic sociologists, scholars of labor, and all of those who find themselves working for a living.

Cambridge; Malden, MA: Polity. 199 pages
ISBN: 9780745653679
Call number: HD4904 .S256 2013

New Labor in New York: Precarious Workers and the Future of the Labor Movement (May 2014)

Ruth Milkman, Ed Ott (Eds.)

New York City boasts a higher rate of unionization than any other major U.S. city—roughly double the national average—but the city's unions have suffered steady and relentless decline, especially in the private sector. With higher levels of income inequality than any other large city in the nation, New York today is home to a large and growing "precariat": workers with little or no employment security who are often excluded from the basic legal protections that unions struggled for and won in the twentieth century.

Community-based organizations and worker centers have developed the most promising approach to organizing the new precariat and to addressing the crisis facing the labor movement. Home to some of the nation's very first worker centers, New York City today has the single largest concentration of these organizations in the United States, yet until now no one has documented their efforts.

New Labor in New York includes thirteen fine-grained case studies of recent campaigns by worker centers and unions, each of which is based on original research and participant observation. Some of the campaigns documented here involve taxi drivers, street vendors, and domestic workers, as well as middle-strata freelancers, all of whom are excluded from basic employment laws. Other cases focus on supermarket, retail, and restaurant workers, who are nominally covered by such laws but who often experience wage theft and other legal violations; still other campaigns are not restricted to a single occupation or industry. This book offers a richly detailed portrait of the new labor movement in New York City, as well as several recent efforts to expand that movement from the local to the national scale. [from publisher web site]

Ithaca, NY: ILR Press, an imprint of Cornell University Press. 352 pages
ISBN: 9780801452833
Call number: HD5858.U6 N49 2014