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Workplace Issues Today

Housekeepers at a Marriott Hotel in Santa Monica are alleging that the hotel has been actively retaliating against employees who supported the successful Unite Here Local 11 unionization drive last November. According to a spokeswoman for Local 11, management withheld Christmas bonuses and took disciplinary action against employees in an attempt to discourage union participation. Workers were also bribed with better benefits to not become active in the union. Local 11 filed a complaint with the NLRB earlier this month, and a hearing date has been scheduled for April 3rd. The union says that a majority of housekeepers at the hotel have already pledged to strike.

See Niki Cervantes, Lookout, Jan 29 2018

In a speech addressing members of upstate New York’s Teamsters Local 294 on Monday, Senator Charles Schumer announced a proposal that Democrats are presenting to Congress. The Butch Lewis Act, named after the late Teamsters activist, would protect worker’s whose pensions and retirement plans have been threatened due to their employer’s poor economic performance. Just three months ago, workers at Local 294 saw their retirement plans plummet by 29%, and many other union workers are grappling with similar losses. If passed, he Butch Lewis Act will provide a long-term low-interest loan to the Pension Benefit Guarantee Corp., the federal agency that works to mitigate financial hardship resulting from declining pension funds. Despite Trump’s opposition to the proposal, Senator Schumer believes the strong bipartisan support will prevent his administration from blocking it.

See Rick Karlin, Times Union, Jan 29 2018

Fiat Chrysler and the UAW are facing a proposed class-action lawsuit filed by three employees’ following the recent corruption scandal involving money transfers to top union officials from the auto giant. The allegations concern the use of union dues paid between 2009-2015 for corrupted negotiations. Earlier this week former executive Al Iacobelli plead guilty to paying $1.5 million to UAW officials in order to gain bargaining leverage, the proposed class-action suit is seeking damages in connection with the corruption investigation.

See The Tribune, The Associated Press, Jan 29 2018

Germany’s largest manufacturing union could begin escalating the intensity of strikes if they don’t strike a deal soon for a shorter workweek and a 6% pay increase, according to the head of IG Metall, Joerg Hoffmann. The union is trying to strike a deal for workers in the southern industrial district that will set an example for nearly four million German workers. Hoffmann says that if they don’t reach an agreement soon, IG Metall will begin 24-hour strikes targeting specific employers. So far, they have had smaller strikes that only lasted for a few hours at a time.

See ABC News, Associated Press, Jan 26 2018

A nationwide prison guard strike in France ended on Friday after a union struck a deal with the government to hire more staff. Overcrowding and violence were the main issues driving the strike, which started on Monday after the union rejected the government’s initial proposal to recruit 100 additional guards in 2018 and 1,000 before the start of 2023. The protests escalated quickly shortly after, and on January 24 guards at the Maubeuge jail barricaded the prison entrance with a bonfire. Prime minister Emmanuel Macron has been under pressure to take action after a recent string of violent attacks on guards by prisoners.

See Reuters Staff, Reuters, Jan 26 2018

The head of the UAW Dennis Williams said on Friday that the payments Fiat-Chrysler was making to top union representatives had no effect on the labor talks or union funds. Williams sent a letter to union members stating that the incident in no way compromised negotiations. The payments were made in the amount of $1.5 million to UAW officials by Alphons Icobelli, who plead guilty to federal charges earlier this week.

See Nick Carey, Reuters Business News, Jan 26 2018

Earlier this month, the NLRB officially certified the results of Harvard’s controversial representation election that took place in November of last year. Weeks after the initial election, it was revealed that Harvard had acted in bad faith by failing to provide accurate voter lists, and in April the NLRB decided to allow the union to hold another election. The board recently confirmed that the November 2016 election results ended in a relatively narrow loss for the union, with 1,526 votes against unionizing and 1,396 in favor. Organizers are now gearing up for another election to be held this spring. The administration responded quickly to the news of a second election, sending a campus wide email that all but condemned the organization drive, urging students to consider the “potential impact of unionization”. Student organizers are particularly concerned with the lack of continuity in pay across the university, arguing that a standard contract and collective representation would offer more stability and also help balance the relationship between graduate students and the professors that they work with.

See Laura Krantz, The Boston Globe, Jan 24 2018

SEIU Local 775 is calling for Washington State to allow on-demand contract workers like Uber drivers to transfer benefits when they change jobs. Washington is leading the way in pro-worker legislation, recently passing an expansive paid family leave policy over the summer. The proposed “portable benefits” bill would require corporations to directly pay a third-party benefits provider based on the amount of services used by contract employees. Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi is working together with the SEIU to push this new bill.

See MONICA NICKELSBURG, Geek Wire, Jan 24 2018

The Civil Service Employees Association Local 1000 is suing the Mount Vernon Library in Westchester County, New York on behalf of library employees who say they should be paid the same as City Hall staff. The case was initially heard by an arbitrator who decided that the library staffers were only entitled to back pay for a retroactive raise if the library trustees removed specific language in the union contract stating that the library employees get raises when the city hall workers, who are also unionized, receive them. The Civil Service Employee’s lawyer says that the arbitrator’s decision violated public policy and grossly surpassed his authority. The case is now being heard in the New York Supreme court.

See Ernie Garcia, USA Today, Jan 24 2018

The U.S. government shut down that began at midnight on Saturday as a result of the Senate’s failure to close a funding deal is having wide-reaching effects on federal agencies charged with investigating labor law violations. The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs, which is responsible for investigating breaches of labor and civil rights laws by contractors, have halted their operations. The NLRB has stopped working on all current cases, and the Trade Adjustment Assistance Program is not taking any new requests from workers displaced by offshore competition. The EEOC has also stopped investigating civil rights violations in the workplace and OSHA has temporarily reduced their staff by two-thirds. There is currently no known time frame for how long the government shutdown could last, but previous shutdowns have ranged from 1 to 21 days.

See Zero Hedge, Centre for Research on Globalization, Jan 22 2018

Al Iacobelli, former Fiat Chrysler labor relations executive, pleaded guilty on Monday to giving away over $1.5 million to high-up UAW members. Iacobelli admitted that the funds were given in an attempt to win the union’s favor over the course of the party’s relationship. The money was partially used to pay off the vice president of the union General Holiefield’s mortgage, who was directly responsible for negotiating with Chrysler on behalf of the workers. He pleaded guilty to conspiracy and tax violations and may face up to 8 years in a federal prison.

See Ed White, The News Tribune, Associated Press, Jan 22 2018

A federal judge in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania recently decided that the Democratic National Committee overstepped it’s authority when they sent a dispute between the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 98 and multiple news outlets to arbitration. The dispute arose in 2016 when an agreement was signed between the union and the DNC stating that IBEW electricians would be responsible for any work that was needed during Philadelphia convention. The court determined that several broadcast networks used their own electricians during the convention, and the parties agreed to settle the issue through arbitration, allowing the union to seek damages. Eventually, the arbitrator determined that the case was not arbitrable, and the DNC and broadcast stations both filed motions to dismiss the case. Judge Pratter granted the motions, leaving it up to the courts to decide the outcome.

See P.J. Dannunzio , The Legal Intelligencer, Jan 22 2018

The NLRB issued an official complaint against the Hyatt Regency Chicago earlier this week, concerning the Hotel’s possible tracking of guests and employees using facial recognition software. The initial complaint was submitted by UNITE HERE Local 1 in September, which represents about 800 employees at the Hyatt Regency. According to state law, it is illegal for companies to gather biometric data without first getting consent. The union is alleging that this is a failure to bargain in good faith, but Hyatt denied that they were breaking any laws.

See Greg Trotter, Chicago Tribune, Jan 19 2018

The United Steel Workers of America plans to launch a card drive on Monday among University of Pittsburgh’s Oakland campus faculty members. Over the last two years, the USW has been organizing part-time faculty members on Pitt’s Oakland, Greensburg, Titusville, Bradford, and Johnstown campuses. The issues driving this campaign range from academic freedom to lack of adequate compensation and job security among adjunct professors. Just last month, 2,000 Pitt graduate student teaching and research assistants petitioned for representation under the same union, although an election has yet to be scheduled.

See Debra Erdley, Tribe Live, Jan 19 2018

The results of a representation election for newsroom employees at the Los Angeles Times were tallied this Friday, and the result was an overwhelming 248 to 44 vote in favor of a union. The journalists will be represented by the NewsGuild-Communications Workers of America, a D.C. based labor union. The organizing drive began in October of last year, and the election was held earlier this month. The NewsGuild represents 25,000 journalists, reporters, and editors across the country, including employees at other major news outlets like the Washington Post and the New York Times. This is the first time that the historically anti-labor newspaper voted in favor of a union, and according to the staff organizing committee, it was prompted by years of high upper-level management turnover, cutbacks, and advertising declines.

See James Rufus Koren, Los Angeles Times, Jan 19 2018

General Counsel for the NLRB Peter Robb might launch a significant overhaul of the Labor Board’s operations. Robb told regional directors on January 11 that he was considering consolidating the 26 regional offices into districts that would be supervised by officials reporting directly to the general counsel, Robb himself. Some are worried that this maneuver is intended to take away power from the regional offices, who could require approval from official regional directors to issue complaints and dismissals of unfair labor practice cases.

See Lawrence E. Dubé, Bloomberg BNA, Jan 17 2018

Donald Trump has nominated John Ring to fill the vacancy left by Phil Miscimarra whose term ended in December. Ring is a business-side labor relations attorney who works for the firm Morgan Lewis and Bockius, which has advised the Trump Organization on taxes since 2005. If confirmed by the Senate, his appointment will ensure a Republican majority on the board, and his term would be for five years.

See Reuters Staff, Reuters, Jan 17 2018

Yesterday workers at a food packaging warehouse in the Bronx unanimously voted in favor of a strike, according to the president of Teamsters Local 202, Danny Kane. In a public statement, Kane told reporters that the workers deserve a 3 percent raise, and they planned to walk out at midnight on Tuesday. The warehouse packages more than half of the produce for the entire tri-state area.

See Roger Stern, CBS New York, Jan 17 2018

The House of Representatives on Wednesday approved the Tribal Labor Sovereignty Act, which excludes any enterprise owned and operated by an Indian tribe and located on a reservation from the definition of an employer. The proposed bill would still need to pass through Senate and then the White House before it became law. Given the failure of similar bills dating back as far as 2004, many suspect the bill will have difficulty getting approved by Senate. The NLRA still currently applies to Indian-owned businesses operating on reservations.

See The National Law Review, Jan 12 2018

A new development in one of the most expensive NLRB cases in history is widely anticipated within the labor movement. The case involves a complaint filed in 2014 against McDonald’s claiming that the company should be held accountable for unfair labor practices perpetrated by franchisees. The retaliatory actions were taken against employees who participated in strikes as part of the Fight for $15 movement. In December the labor board’s new general counsel Peter Robb wrote a memo indicating his intent to change the direction of many of his predecessor’s initiatives, and while he most likely wouldn’t be able to drop the case altogether, many people within the labor community expect that he will seek to settle the case.

See Lydia DePillis, CNN Money, Jan 12 2018

The president of Pittsburgh’s police union Robert Swartzwelder accused the city of discrimination on the basis of anti-union animus. The allegation stems from an email for which he was disciplined where he criticized the U.S. Attorney’s office’s prosecution of an officer convicted of police brutality. The incident happened while an officer was working off-duty as a security guard for Landmark Event Services, a company that provides security for Heinz Field. Swartzwelder’s email sent to members in May said that the convicted officer was unfairly prosecuted and warned against taking off-duty employment at Heinz Field. He was reprimanded for the email and required to attend counseling, but Swartzwelder says that his speech was protected under law. A phone conference has been scheduled by the labor board for February 13, and if an impasse is reached a hearing will take place on April 23.

See Bob Bauder, Tribune-Review, Jan 12 2018

The national decline in union power has led an increase in nonunion worker organizations with a mission to help low-wage employees. More than 200 of these organizations exist nationwide, and a New York City law passed last year is helping organizers gain traction using this model. According to the law, fast food workers who wish to contribute to a nonprofit, nonunion labor organization can insist that their employer deduct money from their paychecks if they get 500 or more employees to agree to contribute. The group Fast Food Justice announced on Wednesday that they have received 1,300 signatures of employees across New York who have agreed to pledge $13.50 a month to their cause. The organization will not bargain with employers, but rather push for things like higher minimum wages, affordable housing, immigration reform, public transit improvements, and better police-community relations. There has been some backlash against this type of organizing, however, and the legal arm of the National Restaurant Association is suing in federal court to overturn the law. Fast Food Justice and other organizers utilizing this law in New York are hoping to inspire similar efforts across the country.

See Steven Greenhouse, New York Times, Jan 10 2018

An NLRB decision on Tuesday concluded that Cayuga Medical Center retaliated against two nurses in 2016 after they started an organizing drive. The nurses, Anne Marshall and Loran Lamb, were illegally fired after engaging in union organizing activity at the hospital. According to the decision, management subjected Lamb to threats she was prohibited from taking part in any kind of union activities. Marshall was demoted from her position and also suspended for her activities. According to CMC, the nurses were suspended due to failure to follow protocol, but coworkers testified that both did their jobs correctly.

See Sarah Mearhoff, Ithaca Journal, Jan 10 2018

Two years ago the UAW won it’s first victory of a foreign-owned automaker in the US when it organized skilled workers at the Chattanooga Volkswagen plant in a 108 to 44 vote in favor of representation. After the election, Volkswagen went on the offensive and announced that it would fight any Labor Board decision to recognize a unit that did not include all hourly-wage production workers at the plant. The company refused to bargain with the unit, and the UAW promptly filed an unfair labor practice complaint, which Volkswagen appealed. A December ruling by Trump’s NLRB that reversed a prior ruling in the case Specialty Healthcare is helping Volkswagen’s case by increasing the size requirement for bargaining units. Following the reversal, the D.C. Circuit Court send Volkswagen’s appeal back to be decided by the Labor Board to be decided with consideration for the new standard. The UAW is expected to take a loss in the case, and the union vote will likely be overturned.

See Chris Brooks, Labor Notes, Jan 10 2018

The NLRB held a representation election on Thursday for newsroom employees at the L.A. Times. Roughly 40 journalists spearheaded organization efforts last year with the help of the NewsGuild-Communications Workers of America. Election results are expected to be released on January 19th. Organizers are fighting for regular raises, better benefits, greater job security.

See Alene Tchekmedyian, Los Angeles Times, Jan 5 2018

On Thursday Teamsters local 350 put in a request to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit asking them to reconsider their ruling last month in Hy-Brand Industrial Contractors Ltd that overturned a 2015 ruling in Browning-Ferris. Both cases involved a dispute over the standard for deciding joint employment in areas such as franchises and subsidiaries of large corporations. It remains unclear when or if the NLRB will change its decision to remand Browning-Ferris.

See Daniel Wiessner, Reuters, Jan 5 2018

The NLRB has dropped a complaint against Honeywell that was initially filed in 2017 for a 10-month lockout of workers at their South Bend and Buffalo, New York plants that ended in February of last year. The company would have had to appear in court in May 2018 to determine the amount owed in damages, which has been estimated at around $20 million. UAW Local 9 said in a press release that they blame Trump’s appointee for General Counsel Peter Robb for the dismissal.

See Mark Peterson, 16 WNDU, Jan 5 2018

Workers in New York are enjoying a wage increase as Governor Cuomo’s 2016 $15 minimum wage and paid family leave law are gradually taking effect. Starting on New Year's Eve, the minimum wage for most New York City workers increased from $11 to $13 an hour. People working for businesses with fewer than 10 employees are enjoying a $1.50 increase in their wages, raising the bar to $12 an hour. Minimum wage workers in the suburbs and upstate also received a pay increase for the New Year. New York City will be the first district to see the full effect of the law, and on December 31st, 2018 the official minimum wage for all city workers will be $15. Long Island and Westchester will follow in 2021, and legislators are still determining a timeline for the rest of the state. The new paid family leave law also took effect on January 1st, which guarantees paid time off to workers after having a child or to take care of a relative with a health condition.

See Glenn Blain, Daily News, Jan 3 2018

On December 26th, the National Labor Relations Board affirmed local administrative judge David Goldman’s ruling that Cayuga Medical Center (CMC) illegally retaliated against employees who were engaging in union organizing activities. The case involved a number of nurses who were seeking to organize with SEIU Local 1199 beginning in the Spring of 2015. The original investigation found that CMC’s code of conduct was overly broad, but the hospital is continuing to reject these claims.

See Kelsey O’Connor, Ithaca Voice, Jan 3 2018

An administrative law judge in Chicago ruled that the city’s police department broke state labor law when it failed to negotiate with the Chicago Fraternal Order of Police when it extended the use of body cameras. The Honorable Anna Hamburg-Gal ordered that the city open a dialog with the union to discuss safety and disciplinary issues surrounding the expansion of the body camera program. However, the decision does not reverse any disciplinary actions taken as a result of body camera footage, only halting future discipline until the city and the police union can negotiate the terms of the expanded program.

See Tony Briscoe, Chicago Tribune, Jan 3 2018

Auto workers at a Volkswagen plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee might lose their union status as a result of an NLRB reversal last week that forces unions to organize larger bargaining units. In 2014, the UAW lost when it tried to organize all workers at the plant, but in 2015 it won an election for a smaller group of workers who fix and maintain equipment. When Volkswagen refused to bargain with the union, the UAW filed un an unfair labor practice complaint that was approved by the board, and the case is now in the appeals court. The NLRB has put in a request to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia to send the case back to them so that they can reconsider the appropriateness of the bargaining unit’s size.

See Mike Pare, Times Free Press, Dec 22 2017

A regional labor board ruled that graduate students at the University of Pennsylvania will be able to vote on whether or not they want to be represented by a union. GET-UP, the organization that has been leading organizing efforts at the university, initially excluded the Wharton School of business and the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences from their proposed bargaining unit. The regional board, however, said that those students should have a say on whether to unionize. As of yet, a date has not been set for the election.

See Avi Wolfman-Arent, WHYY, Dec 22 2017

Republicans in Florida are pushing for House Bill 25, which proposes to decertify any union in which 50 percent of workers don’t pay dues. As a right to work state, workers in Florida are not required to pay dues to a union, even if they benefit from representation. Florida state representative Scott Plakon introduced the bill, which if passed, would disproportionately impact women who make up the majority at the unions that would be targeted.

See Michael Arria, In These Times, Dec 22 2017

The NTEU union, which represents many IRS employees, says that the passage of the new tax bill will add new responsibilities to the already overstretched agency. In addition to the normal preparations for the upcoming tax filing season, the IRS will need to educate taxpayers and business so that they can understand and comply with the new legislation. The union says it is Congress’ responsibility to ensure that they have enough resources to successfully implement the new bill, but years of budget cuts have substantially reduced the agency’s workforce. Since 2010, the IRS has lost more than 20,000 full-time employees, which has led to declines in customer service, fewer audits, and greater security vulnerabilities as a result of outdated technology.

See Fedweek, Dec 20 2017

Mayor Bill de Blasio is under attack by multiple labor organizations after his trip to Iowa on Tuesday, just weeks after his reelection. The mayor’s office released a statement saying that the reason for the trip was to meet with other mayors and activists regarding the recent tax bill and that New Yorkers deserve a seat at the table in the national conversation on this issue. However, public outcry against the mayor’s trip is significant, and many citizens and labor leaders say he is neglecting local issues to focus on a national agenda. The Patrolman’s Benevolent Association is sending representatives to protest de Blasio’s attendance at a fundraiser for an Iowa-based advocacy group, claiming the mayor is no “friend to labor”. Meanwhile, the Transport Workers Union of America is launching a billboard campaign against de Blasio in Des Moines, Iowa.

See Reena Roy, CBS New York, Dec 20 2017

Mayo Clinic’s Alberta Lea hospital in Minnesota has locked out unionized employees after they staged a demonstration on Dec. 19. The hospital has brought in temporary workers on a 7-day contract to replace 79 nursing assistants, housekeepers, and other workers. The dispute initially began when Mayo made across-the-board changes to its employees’ benefit packages. The SEIU, who represent the locked out workers, says that their failure to bargain over the changes was against the terms of the workers’ contracts. The lockout will continue until the 26th of this month, and negotiations will resume shortly after on December 28th.

See Alex Kacik , Modern Health Care, Dec 20 2017

Last Friday, the NLRB reversed a 2011 decision in Specialty Healthcare and Rehabilitation Center of Mobil that held an employer must demonstrate that the employees it seeks to include in a given bargaining unit share “an overwhelming community of interest” with the employees already in the unit suggested by the union. The decision made it easier for unions to organize employees by allowing them to focus on smaller groups of employees that share a specific occupation, rather than having to organize several different types of workers at a given facility. On Friday, in a 3-2 ruling in PCC Structurals, INC, the NLRB reverted to the original “community of interest” test, which determines the size and extent of a bargaining unit based on a broader set of factors. The reversal will make it substantially more difficult for unions to organize employees.

See Daniel B. Paternak, The National Law Review, Dec 18 2017

In the wake of Teva Pharmaceutical’s plan to lay off 1,700 Israeli workers— a quarter of the country’s entire workforce— the Israeli government is not considering punitive measures against the company. Instead, leaders will work with Teva, one of the country’s few multinational corporations, to reduce layoffs as much as possible. The government has already dealt out billions in tax breaks to Teva, and there is widespread animosity toward the company as employees are bracing to pay the price for top-management errors. An official close to Prime Minister Netanyahu said that the government understands the financial predicament that Teva is in. Despite claiming that Netanyahu takes a free market approach, the anonymous source revealed that officials plan to meet with CEO Kare Schultz later this week, presumably to discuss further government assistance.

See David Wainer and Yaccov Benmeleh, Bloomberg, AP, Dec 18 2017

In the wake of Teva Pharmaceutical’s plan to lay off 1,700 Israeli workers— a quarter of the country’s entire workforce— the Israeli government is not considering punitive measures against the company. Instead, leaders will work with Teva, one of the country’s few multinational corporations, to reduce layoffs as much as possible. The government has already dealt out billions in tax breaks to Teva, and there is widespread animosity toward the company as employees are bracing to pay the price for top-management errors. An official close to Prime Minister Netanyahu said that the government understands the financial predicament that Teva is in. Despite claiming that Netanyahu takes a free market approach, the anonymous source revealed that officials plan to meet with CEO Kare Schultz later this week, presumably to discuss further government assistance.

See David Wainer and Yaccov Benmeleh, Bloomberg, AP, Dec 18 2017

After four months of bargaining, the professional health-care union JNESO has ratified a three-year contract with the for-profit owners of St. Mary’s General Hospital in Passaic, New Jersey. The contract covers 270 nurses and 120 techs, who will receive wage increases each year for the duration of the contract. The two sides reached an agreement after hostile negotiations that included a strike authorization last month and an NLRB complaint filed against the hospital.

See Lindy Washburn, North Jersey, Dec 18 2017

On Thursday, the NLRB overruled the 2015 Browning-Ferris decision that made employers potentially liable for violations carried out by their subcontractors and franchisees, saying the earlier decision was a “distortion of common law”. Organizations like the free-market Competitive Enterprise Institute, the National Retail Federation, and the National Restaurant Association commended the board’s move to distance companies’ from the potentially illegal actions taken by their subcontractors. The decision went through in a 3-2 vote, with Trump’s two new appointees Marvin Kaplan and William Emanuel voting in favor along with outgoing Chairman Philip Miscimarra, who is set to leave on Sunday. Mark Gaston Pearce and Lauren McFerran, both Democrats, voted against the decision.

See Dave Boyer, The Washington Times, Dec 15 2017

After 22 months of stalled negotiations, West Chicago High School teachers staged a “grade-in” on Wednesday to express their support for union negotiators, and plan to hold a second one on December 20th. Roughly 25 teachers graded students’ work while others demonstrated outside of a bargaining session where union members presented their most recent counterproposal. The school board’s latest offer was for a three-year contract, and teachers are calling for a longer five-year agreement. In October a federal mediator was called in to try and bring an end to the negotiation talks, but while there has been some progress in recent rounds, president of the West Chicago Teachers Association Brad Larson said that they will likely be looking at final offers in the near future if negotiators don’t reach a breakthrough soon.

See Katlyn Smith, Daily Herald, Dec 15 2017

After the Irish Pilot’s Association threatened to strike on December 20th if Ryanair continued its refusal to recognize organized labor groups, the massive airline conceded and agreed to negotiate and sent out letters to pilot unions in the UK, Ireland, Germany, Italy, and Spain this Friday inviting them to talks. CEO Michael O’Leary has said that “hell would freeze over” before Ryanair workers unionized, but the threat a strike in the middle of holiday travel season was enough for him to finally change this longstanding policy. The low-cost airline giant has been long known for having poor labor relations, and this dramatic reversal of their anti-union policy has emboldened their workers, who will likely push for further concessions in the near future.

See Dara Doyle and Richard Weiss, Daily Herald, Bloomberg, Dec 15 2017

Israel’s national trade union, Histadrut, has announced a general strike will take place on Sunday in response to Teva Pharmaceuticals’ plan to lay off 10,000 workers. The world’s largest producer of generic drugs will be at a standstill all of Sunday, and according to the union’s chairman, the entire Israeli economy will stand in solidarity for half of the day, including government services, banks, and the airport. Histadrut is about 750,000 workers strong, and although their power has weakened somewhat in recent years, its massive base is still able to wield power over major areas of the economy.

See Yaacov Benmeleh, Bloomberg, Dec 14 2017

Greece’s economy is at a total standstill as workers participate in a 24 hour general strike to protest austerity measures that will continue after the end the third bailout package next year. The country has been fully dependant on international bailout funds since 2010, and leaders have been forced to impose tax increases, spending cuts, and other reforms after accepting billions of euros in emergency loans from European Union countries. State hospitals are only accepting emergency cases, and public transportation is widely unavailable across the country.

See Arab News, AP, Dec 14 2017

Amazon warehouse workers protested outside of the company’s NYC corporate offices on Wednesday to bring attention to what organizers are calling a human rights issue. The poor working conditions suffered by Amazon warehouse employees include unpredictable shifts that change daily, being forced to stand for ten hours with no breaks, and low wages. Although efforts to organize amazon workers have been unsuccessful so far, the drivers of this campaign want to make consumers aware of the costs that convenient online shopping comes at to workers.

See Joan Verdon, North Jersey, Dec 14 2017

On Tuesday the NLRB began its attack on yet another pro-labor policy and issued a Request for Information, asking for public opinion on a 2014 ruling that simplified the process for representation elections. The decision under attack reduced unnecessary delay in the election process and modernized agency procedures. If it’s rolled back, workers will have a harder time filing electronic election petitions. Ironically, the NLRB is encouraging electronic responses to the Request for Information, which can be found on their website at www.nlrb.gov.

See Common Dreams, Economic Policy Institute, Dec 13 2017

Last night, the Pennsylvania House rejected Senate Bill 166, which would have prohibited some public sector unions from using employers’ electronic payroll systems to let workers make voluntary donations to political action committees. Despite republican control of the house, enough moderate conservatives sided with democrats on this issue, and the Bill was shot down in a 102-90 vote. The Bill was supported by two powerful lobbying groups, the Commonwealth Foundation and the Commonwealth Partners Chamber of Entrepreneurs.

See Steve Esack, The Morning Call, Dec 13 2017

Labor unions and business representatives joined forces to rally at the Port of Vancouver commissioners meeting on Tuesday, urging port leaders not to cancel a lease with Vancouver Energy. The lease expires every three months, and is automatically renewed unless either party cancels the agreement. Vancouver Energy wants to build an oil terminal that will facilitate the transport of oil between ships and trains. The Washington State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council has strongly opposed the project for several years, and has unanimously recommended that the project proposal be denied. The commissioners will vote to make an official recommendation to Governor Jay Inslee, who ultimately has the final say over the project’s approval.

See Dameon Pesanti, The Columbian, Dec 13 2017

Japan’s shrinking population, booming economy, and remarkably low unemployment rate of 2.8 percent has lent itself well to introducing and increasing automation in food service and in hotels. One company runs a restaurant and a hotel where robotic chefs who make pancakes, serve soft-serve ice cream, fry donuts and pour mixed drinks while speaking pleasantries in Japanese; at the hotel, robots check guests in and help with luggage transport. The company’s CEO speculates that 70% of the jobs at Japan’s hotels will be using automation in five years, and that while it may take up to two years to recoup the investment cost, automated employees can work 24 hours a day without needing vacation, creating efficiencies. While Japan’s particular circumstances makes it more suitable for a highly automated economy, research from think tank McKinsey Global Institute suggests that 54% of the tasks in American restaurants and hotels could currently be automated. This trend could be worrisome for American workers, however, as the restaurant and hotel industries in America have been a bright spot for employment in recent years, adding more jobs for workers that have been displaced by automation in other industries, with an increase of 38 percent since 2000, and overtaking manufacturing jobs since 2013. The cost of automated production has dropped 40 percent since 2005, while labor increases in cost as several cities increase minimum wages. Business owners insist that automation will replace dirty, dangerous jobs in favor of humans providing better guest services, and that while technology may replace some jobs, it opens up others - that require education and trained troubleshooting skills. However, almost 80% of food service workers only have a high school diploma or less.

Nearly 55,000 employment agencies in Europe hire hundreds of thousands of temporary workers each year for cheap manual labor and service jobs for employers wanting both flexibility and avoidance of high labor costs. Manual labor jobs range from pouring concrete in France, picking vegetables in the United Kingdom, and working assembly lines in Eastern Europe. Workers are often paid as little as $4.10 an hour, less than minimum wage in some countries. Some agencies transport employees to other countries, house them, and provide transportation to job sites, before moving them when their contracts expire. European citizens are permitted to work anywhere in the 28-nation bloc, but European regulators are increasing scrutiny on employers who rely on outsourced short-term worker, due to concerns that basic labor protections - such as social security benefits and sick leave - are deteriorating. A third of Europeans are in atypical employment, ranging from Uber drivers to pilots. Companies such as Foxconn and Panasonic find employment agencies useful as the economic recovery has made finding low-cost labor difficult, resulting in agencies signing on migrant workers who may have little understanding that the contracts they sign, sometimes in a foreign language, may subject them to frequent overtime hours as well as being on call. Such workers are easily exploited, but support has been building for greater protections, with the European Commission proposing a new labor authority to fight questionable employment methods, while French President Macron wants stricter regional labor rules.

A grievance filed in 2016 against one of the world’s most successful hedge funds, Baupost Group, has revealed gender discrimination issues that women face in the often secretive hedge fund industry; at the same time, two of Baupost’s Boston neighbors in the financial services industry, Fidelity Investments and State Street Corp., are dealing with their own complaints concerning sexual harassment and pay inequality. The lucrative hedge fund industry oversees over $3 trillion in investments, with managers taking home a 20% cut of the profits. However, women are underrepresented in investment jobs but over-represented in support roles such as marketing. Women hold only 11 percent of senior roles at hedge funds, 21 percent of mid-level positions, and 26 percent of junior positions. 81 percent of women at alternative asset managers in North America report that it is harder for women to succeed, with 44 percent claiming that women are depicted as being more committed to personal lives than work. Baupost declined to comment on the particular case - which questioned Baupost’s record of retaining women after childbirth – but stated that the company works hard at promoting women into leadership roles, but has suffered from an industry-wide shortage of female applicants for investment positions.

Graduate students at the University of Pittsburg with the help of the United Steelworkers Union have been collecting authorization cards in support of a vote since February. If they receive 30% or more authorization cards they can petition the NLRB to hold an election in the spring semester. Nationwide, grad student organizing efforts have been flaring up, and the recent GOP tax bill has led some to take to the streets. A provision in the House tax bill classifies graduate student’s tuition, which is typically covered by the university in exchange for research and teaching, as taxable income. Many students will face a roughly 300% increase in taxable income, while their stipends for research and TA positions would remain stagnant.

See Sarah Schneider, WESA, Dec 8 2017

Gerawan Farms, California’s peach and grape farm giant, was finally defeated after a 25-year battle in court where they claimed they were not bound by the Mandatory Mediation Law, a provision of the Agricultural Labor Relations Act. United Farm Workers president Arturo Rodriguez said in a statement that after years of stalling, Gerawan Farming should immediately honor the union contract and pay its workers the $10 million it already owes them, according to a contract written by a neutral, third-party mediator.

See David Bacon, People’s World, Dec 8 2017

In a letter last week, current NLRB Regional Director Kathy Drew King dismissed claims that Trump has been using his position to silence his own employees. The letter states that the Board’s investigation found no evidence that the widely encompassing nondisclosure agreement that he passed was ever applied by Trump Organization Inc. to any employee covered by federal law.

See Robert Iafolla, Reuters, Dec 8 2017

The Trump administration on Wednesday submitted a brief in Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, siding with the Illinois state employee who is challenging the right of unions to collect fair share fees from all represented employees regardless of whether or not they favor the union. Janus is receiving funding for legal fees from the conservative Bradley Foundation, which seeks to impose right-to-work laws in all 50 states. The brief, submitted by the Office of Solicitor General, is a stark departure from the office’s opinion under Obama in the 2016 case Friedrich's v. California Teachers Association, where they argued that public-employee fair share fees were legal. That case ended in a 4-4 deadlock after the death of Justice Antonin Scalia, but Justice Neil Gorsuch has since taken his seat and it is widely anticipated that the court will rule in favor of Janus.

See Ian Kullgren, Politico, Dec 7 2017

The SEIU announced Thursday morning that they will hold a one-day strike on December 19. Seventy-nine SEIU housekeepers, CNAs, sterile processing staff and utilities and materials management workers will picket outside of Mayo Clinic Health System’s Albert Lea campus in Minnesota. The union has filed complaints with the NLRB since the two sides began negotiations in 2015, but the board recently sided with Mayo Clinic and dismissed the complaints. The issue at hand is a contract clause that permits Mayo to make changes to employee benefits without bargaining with the union. Mayo has threatened the workers with a Christmas lockout, but SEIU president Jamie Gulley said in a speech he has faith that the workers won’t be intimidated by threats from Mayo executives.

See Brett Boese, Post Bulletin, Dec 7 2017

Graduate Students at Georgetown will rally this afternoon in response to the university’s refusal to voluntarily recognize their graduate student union. Provost Robert Groves said in a statement earlier this week that the grad students’ relationship with the school is fundamentally educational, publicly rejecting the 2016 NLRB decision to expand the definition of an employee to include graduate students.

See Colleen Flaherty , Inside Higher Ed, Dec 7 2017

After nearly a year of tension between unionized Ryanair pilots in Italy, Ireland, and Portugal and their employer, employees in all three countries have threatened to stage pre-Christmas strikes. The Italian pilots are the most recent to have voted to strike in the coming week, preceded by the Portuguese pilots’ strike vote and followed by the Irish pilots’ initiation of a strike vote. Following over 20,000 flight cancellations earlier this year due to a scheduling error on the company’s behalf, Ryanair and its pilots have endured highly strained relations. Ryanair representatives have maintained a dismissive tone towards the pilots’ alleged plans to initiate industrial action, citing numerous instances in which employees have threatened to strike and never followed through. However, Ryanair has also threatened the Irish pilots following suit with their Italian and Portuguese counterparts, claiming that there will be changes to their pay and working conditions should they vote to strike. The airline company does not formally recognize unions and holds that nothing will materialize from these votes, regardless. Pilots are hoping to finally receive answers from Ryanair regarding the myriad problems that led to the mass cancellations which took place several months ago.

See Rob Davies, The Guardian, Dec 6 2017

Conflict between the Communications Workers Union (CWU) and the English Royal Mail is seemingly coming to an end as both parties attended mediation sessions led by Lynette Harris in order to come to an agreement. Although the mediation was not binding, the CWU has released statements describing the new tentative agreement as a success for its members. This past October, the CWU held a strike vote at Royal Mail which revealed that a significant majority of union members were in favor of striking; however, the union was barred from striking and began talks with the employer. The primary grievances cited by the union were insufficient pensions and pay as well as long working weeks, issues both parties seemingly addressed during their recent talks. The main issue of contention, as outlined in the released report of recommendations created during mediation, was the Royal Mail’s proposal of a choice between a new defined benefit scheme or a defined contribution scheme for workers whereas workers wanted “a collective defined contribution pension scheme with a defined benefit element for all workers” (Boland). Although the mediation sessions appear to have diffused the situation, the CWU has warned that should the Royal Mail go back on compromises made during talks, it will initiate industrial action.

See Hannah Boland, Telegraph, Dec 6 2017

Following national excitement over proposed labor law reform, the UK government has announced a year-long delay in implementing any changes in the wake of Brexit negotiations. The proposed reforms would help over one million people working in the gig economy for companies like Uber, Deliveroo, and Hermes be recognized as fully employed rather than mislabeled as self-employed by their employers in an effort to pay workers less than minimum wage and avoid the costs of employment. Theresa May has promised these reforms since her 2016 election and her appointment of Labour’s Matthew Taylor as an advisor on employment, but it is theorized that the slowdown in domestic policy creation has resulted from a national prioritization of negotiations surrounding Great Britain’s exit from the European Union. Given the increasing volume of legal actions taken against gig economy employers regarding their employment practices in which many of the companies have managed to dodge liability, the timely implementation of these policies could have effectively led to a significant improvement in over one million individuals’ working conditions and to a resulting decrease in court battles over labor abuses.

See Robert Booth, The Guardian, Dec 6 2017

Thousands of unionized Oakland city employees announced on Monday that they will go on a one day strike starting at 7:00 am Tuesday, unless city officials accept their proposal for a short one year contract. The workers cite multiple unfair labor practices including inadequate workplace conditions, under staffing, and cost of living concerns as issues they will highlight at today’s rallies. Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf said that the city will file an unfair labor practice charge, asserting that the strike is illegal and will endanger every Oakland city resident. The strike will force the closure of nearly every city facility, with the exception of police and fire departments.

See Bay City News, NBC Bay Area, Dec 5 2017

After procedural delays, workers at a Tesla battery factory in Nevada filed their latest ULP complaint last Friday. The complaint reiterates charges that the UAW filed on November 15, which claims that Tesla fired workers who were openly engaging in union organizing activities. The partially reduced complaint alleges that the company had surveilled, intimidated, and interrogated workers who’ve engaged in perfectly legal organizing activities. The filing is just the latest of multiple ULP complaints filed by Tesla employees across the country. In August, workers at an assembly plant in Fremont, California, filed a complaint with the NLRB claiming that Tesla had interrogated employees over union activates.

See Ryan Felton, Jalopnik, Dec 5 2017

Newsroom employees at the Los Angeles Times on Monday requested that the NLRB hold an election to determine if the workers wish to be represented by the News Guild-Communications Workers of America. The unionization drive came after years of significant declines in print advertising, layoffs, and management turnover. The LA Times is currently one of the only major US newspapers whose writers are not represented by a union. Just last week, press operators at the LA Times held an election to decide whether or not to decertify their union. This was in line with recent Trump-era legislation mandating that re-certification elections be held once a majority of employees who initially voted in favor of a union have left the bargaining unit. Preliminary results show that 85 of the 90 newspaper’s press operators voted to maintain union representation. The NLRB is expected to hold an election for the Times’ newsroom employees sometime next month.

See Times Staff Writer, Los Angeles Times, Dec 5 2017

Google lawyers argued in court on Friday that the tech giant should not have to provide salary data until a first-ruling occurs on the class action status of the lawsuit. The case had been brought by former employees in September, on behalf of all female employees, charging the company with wide-spread pay inequality that took the form of denied promotions and redirecting women into lower-paying careers. The lawsuit builds on the case filed by the Department of Labor earlier this year which had charged the company with “extreme” pay discrimination and had sued the company for payroll records as part of its audit. The Mountain View-based company continues to insist that it is a leader on diversity and inclusion, but it has repeatedly stalled on providing evidence to federal prosecutors while trying to prevent media coverage on its DOL dispute; its strict confidentiality policies have been criticized for making it difficult for employees to speak up. The company’s lawyers have continued to argue that providing salary data for all employees was an overly broad request that was too onerous to fulfill, and that pay disparities may not be violations if they exist for a reason. The judge appeared to lean in Google’s favor Friday, stating tentatively that the scope of the case may be in question and that at this preliminary juncture, Google does not yet have to provide broader documents.

The Department of Labor indicated on Monday that it would seek to reverse the tip-sharing ban enacted during the Obama administration, proposing that the reversal “would help decrease wage disparities between tipped and non-tipped workers.” The proposed change would apply only to companies that pay tipped employees at least the federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour; compensation from a tip pool would be shared with non-tipped workers such as cooks and dishwashers. Traditionally, federal law has banned companies from forcing workers to share tips if the tipped workers don't at least receive the minimum wage; this expanded in 2011 to cover all tipped workers — which was challenged in federal court. Worker advocacy groups took umbrage at the news, fearing that employers would feel free to absorb tips themselves. While servers in upscale restaurants can earn high wages and tips, the average wage for servers is $9.61 and for dishwashers and bartenders, $10. Restaurant groups are in favor of the proposal as a way to support more lower-paid workers, such as those who work in the kitchen, and that restaurants which abused the shared tipping pool would face economic consequences such as high employee turnover and lawsuits.

The general counsel for the National Labor Relations Board issued a memo on Friday that requires board officials around the country to consult the NLRB on workers rights cases involving overturned precedents and dissents during the last eight years, essentially taking authority away from regional labor boards to pursue cases against employers based on Obama-era policies. While it is typical for new general counsels to issue memos requesting cases involving recent precedent to be sent to the NLRB for advice, Peter Robb, nominated by President Trump and recently confirmed by the Senate on November 8, surprised observers with the rapid issuance of the memo and the broad scope of its content, which favors employers. The memo noted that seven “guidance memos” – which instruct board officials on law interpretation and enforcement - would be removed. Many of the precedents mentioned in the memo revolve around Section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act, which grants workers the ability to group together to seek “mutual aid and protection”; one of the precedents which had angered business owners during the Obama years involved the Browning-Ferris case, which made it easier for a big corporation – such as McDonald’s - to be categorized as a “joint employer” alongside their franchisees.

On Wednesday, Columbia’s Supreme Court confirmed a ban on strikes among air traffic controllers and pilots. The ruling was in response to a massive strike at Avianca, the country’s largest airline. The ruling allowed Avianca to fire 700 unionized pilots who participated in the two-month strike after failed negotiation attempts. The airline said that they had lost $47 million as a result of the strikes. The union has accused the massive airline, which conducts 800 flights a day, of being a monopoly. Nevertheless, the high court sided with the airline giant and banned any future strikes by pilots or air traffic controllers.

See Adriaan Alsema, Columbia Reports, Nov 30 2017

In response to an expanding corruption scandal, failed organization attempts at Southern car assembly plants, and a declining number of manufacturing jobs, the UAW is choosing a new leadership team to revamp its image. The union has been trying to highlight achievements made under the leadership of current president Dennis Williams, who recovered their financial standing, increased membership over the past seven years, and passed the first dues increase approved by members in decades. Roughly 40% of UAW members now come from outside the auto industry. Williams will soon retire on his 65th birthday, and local union members from across the country will meet this week to choose a new generation of union leaders to guide them through current difficulties.

See Phoebe Wall Howard, Detroit Free Press, Nov 30 2017

On Thursday, unionized drivers at XPO Logistics in Chicago presented a letter to management demanding that the company start bargaining with them immediately. The NLRB ordered the company to negotiate with the Teamsters Local 179 back in July, but XPO has still refused to recognize the union. The president of Teamsters Local 179, who were elected to represent XPO drivers in October 2016, says that the workers are remaining strong despite vigorous union-busting attempts by management.

See Ted Gotsch, PR Newswire, Nov 30 2017

Chinese officials in Beijing have severely intensified efforts to evict working class Chinese migrant laborers from the country’s capital. Following a fire in a Beijing tenement building on November 18th which claimed the lives of 19 people according to Chinese journalists whose reports were censored by the national government, officials within Beijing’s Communist Party named safety as a top priority and commenced an aggressive campaign to close various apartment complexes throughout the city, primarily targeting the residences of migrant workers. These evictions have led to homelessness for a vast majority of these workers, who have no residency rights in Beijing and who are almost always living beneath the poverty line, with little to no resources in light of eviction. Although the Chinese government claims that the reasons for these evictions are safety concerns and infrastructure issues, many prominent Chinese intellectuals assert that these actions constitute human rights abuses and that the fire is pretext for kicking migrant laborers and those below the poverty line out of Beijing to make the city appear more attractive. Notwithstanding the level of censorship being applied to stories regarding the fire and popular protests and petitions against the evictions taking place, government officials have yet to comment on possible ulterior motives, holding that the government’s plans to shrink Beijing’s population by 2 million and current events are not correlated.

See Eva Dou and Dominique Fong, The Wall Street Journal, Nov 29 2017

In the midst of escalating regulatory confusion and conflict regarding “gig economy” workers and what rights they do and do not have, the European Union’s Court of Justice (ECJ), the EU’s highest court, has ruled that “’an employer that does not allow a worker to exercise his right to paid annual leave must bear the consequences’”. The case at hand dealt with a window salesman, Mr. King, who worked for The Sash Window Workshop Limited in the UK for over a decade and whose employment contract never specified if he could take paid leave. It was decided at a UK employment tribunal that Mr. King, who was allegedly self-employed, should have been considered a full employee and been afforded his rights accordingly. The ECJ ruled that Mr. King’s former employer did owe him £27,000 in holiday pay as he was not able to take his holidays. This decision will have a broad impact on “gig workers” who oftentimes are classified as self-employed by employers to avoid costs associated with full workers. Union leaders throughout the UK have heralded this ruling as game-changing for the millions of workers throughout the EU and UK whose true earnings have been withheld from them due to legal loopholes.

See Owen Bowcott, The Guardian, Nov 29 2017

Wilmar, Asia’s leading agribusiness group and the world’s largest palm oil producer, has announced new measures management will be taking to address international concerns with ongoing child labor practices on the company’s plantations among other labor rights violations. Following investigations by the Thomson Reuters Foundation and Amnesty International, it was revealed that countless children were laboring in dangerous conditions on Wilmar’s plantations, usually because harvesting quotas were so high that the children’s older relatives alone could not handle the workload. Wilmar is seeking to better the conditions under which children work and live on plantations, pledging to seek better education and health access for child laborers. While Wilmar views these steps as improvements, representatives from labor watchdog groups and international labor rights activists have expressed disappointment that Wilmar’s plan exclusively addresses the effects of child labor as opposed to seeking to abolish it by focusing on its roots and causes.

See Beh Lih Yi, Reuters, Nov 29 2017

After a fire killed 19 people at an apartment building housing mostly low-income migrant workers, the city of Beijing launched a 40-day campaign to clear out tenants living in buildings deemed to be unsafe. Sweeping evictions have forced many migrant workers out of their homes with often just a few hours’ notice, with nowhere else to go. Most of the tenants living in these buildings in the city’s outskirts are factory workers, physical laborers, drivers, cleaners, delivery people, or hairdressers who moved from other parts of China. These workers are critical to supporting the growing demands of the capital city, but critics say that government policies are systematically driving them out in an attempt to reduce population.

See Emily Wang and Yi-Ling Liu, The San Diego Union-Tribune, Nov 28 2017

Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker signed a bill last Friday creating a registry for home care workers employed by home care agencies that includes their names, addresses, and training information. The bill exempts victims of domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, or stalking. The Home Care Aide Council, Home Care Alliance of Massachusetts, and the Massachusetts chapter of the Home Care Association of America have opposed the bill, fearing that it will put home care workers at risk. Proponents of the bill say that it will empower workers and facilitate industry oversight, according to a writer for the Boston Herald.

See Maggie Flynn, Home Health Care News, Nov 28 2017

Maryland congressmen Anthony G. Brown and Jamie B. Raskin, both democrats, proposed a bill on Tuesday that urges federal transit funds be redirected to save Metro from having to cut service or raise fares. The congressmen coordinated with the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 689 to draft the bill, which calls on Metro to adopt a set of labor-backed initiatives including a flat-fare pilot program. The bill proposes creating two task forces named in honor of a train operator and bus driver who were both killed on the job in separate accidents. However, in an interview Brown admitted that it will be “quite a challenge” getting the bill passed, given the republican control of Congress.

See Robert McCartney and Faiz Siddiqui , The Washington Post, Nov 28 2017

Supporters of the Republican tax plan that is working its way through Congress are arguing that the plan to cut corporate taxes will help businesses invest more, resulting in more jobs and increased competition, which in turn will increase worker’s wages by an extra $4000, according to the Trump administration’s economic analysis. However, few American corporations appear enthused about the tax cuts and few have detailed plans on how to invest the savings - a response that has puzzled the president’s top economic advisor and which has prompted one union, the Communications Workers of America, to pen a letter to the top executives at Verizon, AT&T and six other companies, asking for a pledge to increase annual pay by $4000 for every year that the corporate tax rate remains at the proposed 20 percent. The letter also asked executives to not take advantage of other changes in the tax code which would result in sending American jobs overseas. The letter highlights the doubts shared by labor groups and liberal economists over whether the tax bill will benefit shareholders more than workers; research suggests that corporate tax cuts will result in companies buying back stock or increasing dividends to shareholders. Economists across the political spectrum are also skeptical that the size of the American economy will be bigger a decade from now, due to a stagnant wage growth that has persisted even with low unemployment, and high corporate profits that have not resulted in similarly high levels of business investment. Verizon commented that the company would address the wage issue when contract negotiations begin in 2019, “regardless of the outcome of tax reform legislation,”; AT&T noted in a rare detailed statement that the company will invest an additional $1 billion in the United States if the tax bill passes, citing research that “each $1 billion invested in the telecom sector creates about 7,000 jobs.”

The details of a near 20-year old labor settlement were revealed last week when a United States District Court judge ruled favorably in response to a 2016 motion filed by Time Inc. and the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, stating that the “right to know” of court proceedings in the settlement of a class-action case was bolstered by the involvement of the “now-president of the United States.” It revealed that defendant Donald Trump, who has often claimed to never settle lawsuits and who has made immigration restriction one of his campaign priorities, quietly reached a $1.375 million settlement agreement in 1998 to end the class-action suit Hardy v. Kaszycki – a case brought by undocumented Polish workers laboring for Kaszycki & Sons. 200 undocumented and non-unionized Polish laborers had worked in 12-hour shifts without gloves, hard hats or masks in a dusty, asbestos-ridden environment, and were paid as little as $4 an hour, less than half the union wage, in order to demolish the Bonwit Teller building on Fifth Avenue so that construction could begin quickly on the now signature Trump Tower. When Kaszycki stopped paying wages, the workers brought suit, and what followed was years of litigation where Trump often denied knowing that illegal immigrants were working for him, despite numerous witness testimonies to the contrary.

On Monday the California Supreme Court upheld a 2002 law that allows either farmers or unions, if collective bargaining attempts have stalled, to ask for a neutral mediator to impose a contract covering wages and working conditions. The dispute before the court involved the United Farm Workers of America - founded by Cesar Chavez – which had won the right to represent the workers of Gerawan Farming Inc, but had failed to negotiate a contract. The union asked the state Agricultural Labor Relations Board for help in 2013, resulting in the board ordering a binding mediation; the mediator wrote a contract that the board then approved. Gerawan Farming, the state’s largest peach farmer and one of the nation’s largest growers, filed a lawsuit, arguing against the constitutionality of the state law. The UFW union president stated that Gerawan must now pay workers more than $10 million in back wages. Gerawan Farming plans to appeal the ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court, stating that “coerced contracts are constitutionally at odds with free choice.”

Workers’ rights bodies and critics of Qatar’s historic treatment of migrant workers, particularly those working on the construction of new infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup, celebrated today as the Building and Wood Workers’ International (BWI) union signed an agreement with QDVC, a Qatari developer, and VINCI, a French construction company. This agreement makes significant strides towards guaranteeing the rights of workers in Qatar, taking steps to reduce the possibility of employer exploitation of vulnerable laborers. While the agreement does not apply to all Qatari businesses, it does require one of the country’s largest developers to meet international standards in worker welfare and treatment. Some of the conditions within the agreement include requiring the notification of workers of their rights in clear written language and eliminating recruitment fees for migrant workers. Parties to the agreement hope that this will set a standard for similar organizations and companies within Qatar, hopefully improving the country’s previously dismissive attitude towards workers’ rights.

See The Peninsula, Nov 22 2017

Foxconn has confirmed that it will halt any and all overtime work being illegally carried out by student interns in its factories. Following reports that many student interns from vocational schools were forced to participate in the assembly of products such as Apple’s new iPhone X for well over the federally mandated workday, Apple launched into an investigation of Foxconn’s production facilities. Subsequently, Foxconn has announced that any such labor law violations have come to an end. Teenage students at Foxconn’s Zhengzhou plant claimed to have been forced to work in assembly lines for Foxconn products by their schools and teachers regardless of their areas of study and beyond China’s legal limit on student work hours. Apple and Foxconn have held that these students were not victims of forced labor. Foxconn’s reaction to employee complaints and investigations represent a rare amicable instance given the Chinese government’s recent crackdown on labor rights activists.

See Yuan Yang, Financial Times, Nov 22 2017

Brazilian President Michel Temer has rolled out new regulations regarding the hiring process which constitute the most substantial changes made to Brazilian labor law in nearly thirty years. The regulations aim to decrease informal employment by small businesses in the country through making the formal hiring process more flexible for employers. With Brazil’s massive informal economy, the federal government has been unable to collect payroll taxes for a substantive portion of workers, leading the new administration to prioritize incentivizing employers to formally employ their workers as opposed to paying them under-the-table. In addition, the Brazilian unemployment rate recently reached an all-time high and legislators hope that easing hiring rules will lead to a notable decrease. Opponents of the reforms have concerns about workers’ rights and claim that the new regulations are incredibly intricate and will be difficult to implement in the near future given the legal complexities involved.

See Bruno Federowski, Reuters, Nov 22 2017

Lawmakers in Pennsylvania came to an agreement on Monday regarding a four-year exit plan to end state subsidies on a federally funded unemployment program. The new plan designates $115 million to go toward technology improvements as well as subsidizing staff salaries to increase efficiency in the claims-taking system. Supporters of the compromise say that it will avert another legislative stand-off like the one that happened in 2016, where almost 500 Labor and Industry staff members were laid off, resulting in massive operating inefficiencies and long wait times for anyone trying to call the claims system. The crisis began when a block of Pennsylvania Republican senators delayed a 2017 subsidy last fall due to concerns that the program had become a bottomless pit of taxpayer money. The result was hundreds of Labor and Industry positions being eliminated, three of the seven total service centers closing, and claimants reporting an average wait time of five hours to speak to a representative. The Service Employees International Union, which represents the jobless benefits system staff, says that 187 of the 499 employees that were laid off last year have returned to work.

See Charles Thompson, Penn Live, Nov 21 2017

One-hundred and fifty unionized employees at Northern Illinois University (NIU) rallied around the university’s administrative building on Monday to protest a 3% wage increase that was implemented by the administration without standard bargaining procedure. A representative from AFSCME said that NIU offered to implement the wage increase in the same way they would for non-unionized employees, but only if the unions forego their right to negotiate for retroactive pay and future pay for the coming year. NIU has a track record of failing to bargain in good faith, and last year the union filed a complaint with the NLRB after the university increased parking fees before negotiations that partially dealt with the elimination of parking fees had been settled. The three-percent wage increase is the first raise in seven years for NIU’s para-professionals, and will still not bring compensation to the same level as other schools in the area. Protesters carried signs that showed the wages paid by universities across the state, with the highest being Northeastern which offers $13.54 to its clerks, while NIU only pays $9.78.

See Drew Zimmerman, Daily Chronicle, Nov 21 2017

Two people were murdered during a strike at the Media Luna mine in Guerrero, Mexico, just five hours south of the capital where officials from the US, Mexico, and Canada were meeting for fifth-round negotiations to improve NAFTA provisions dealing with worker protections. Mexican military officials identified the aggressors as a faction of armed civilians who self-identify as the “Tonalapa Community Police”, but only detained the suspects briefly before releasing them. Leaders from the employer-controlled labor federation Confederación de Trabajadores de México (CTM) were reportedly among those responsible for the attack. False unions like this one are all too common in Mexican Labor Relations, and the striking workers were demanding that the CTM be removed and replaced with the National Union of Mine, Metal, and Steelworkers (Los Mineros) when the attack began.

See Celeste Drake, Upside Down World, AFL-CIO, Nov 21 2017

About a third of Native Americans face job discrimination when it comes to seeking jobs, earning promotions, and earning equal pay, according to a new survey by NPR, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Almost two-thirds of Native Americans living in majority Native areas say the availability of local jobs was worse than in other areas and the same percentage also say that Native Americans are paid less for equal work. One tribe, the Cherokee Nation, has made significant efforts over the past four decades in protecting tribal workers from job discrimination. 40 years ago many of the jobs held by Native Americans were temporary or seasonal, while today the tribes employ more than 11,000 people, and with federal support, has established one of the largest tribal employment offices in the country. Chief Bill John Baker has made job growth a priority to combat” centuries of oppression against Native peoples”; the tribe’s ongoing goal is to remove employment barriers through scholarships and education and job training programs. The Cherokees report they now have an annual economic impact of more than $2 billion in Oklahoma.

The International Labor Organization (ILO), prior to the beginning of a global conference on child labor in Argentina that ended late last week, reminded attendees that one out of 10 children are victims of child labor, with almost half of them carrying out dangerous work. While the number of child workers had decreased by 100 million since the late 1990s, this has slowed significantly in recent years. The ILO estimates that there are 152 million child laborers and 25 million victims of forced labor worldwide; Amnesty International had reported earlier this year that companies such as Microsoft, Apple, Samsung, Sony, Renault, and Huawei have been beneficiaries of cobalt metal mined by children in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Other companies, such as BMW, have “improved in some areas” but still face significant shortcomings also shared by competitors Volkswagen and Daimler. The demand for cobalt comes from the growth of battery use in electric cars, smartphones and renewable energy.

A Pew Research Center study in September found that more millennials live in poverty than households led by previous generations; these same millennials are the ones more likely to support unions (55 percent of 18 to 29 years olds). Millennials who are enthusiastic about their work for and within unions are concerned about union power declining, as while two previous court cases have failed to eliminate “fair share fees”, the current case in front of the Supreme Court, Janus v. AFSCME, is expected to cast a vote in favor of Janus and against public-sector unions. Larry Williams, Jr., the 30-year-old president of the Progressive Workers Union, felt that many millennials didn’t know that labor unions exist, and, hoping to correct that, founded UnionBase – “the first social networking platform for unions” in 2015, with the website launched on Labor Day this year. UnionBase allows workers to search for unions that represent their profession; union leaders can also use it to verify their organizations’ information, eventually, communicate with verified members. Williams’ long-term vision is that the platform will help unions move beyond the “service” model, where employees pay dues for unions to negotiate with employers on their behalf, to an organizing model, where workers mobilize to defend their own interests.

See Organizing millennials as the best hope for declining union power, Judith Lewis Mernit , Capital and Main, Nov 20 2017

Peter B. Robb, Trump’s Nominee for NLRB General Counsel, has been confirmed to fill the position. He will replace Richard Griffith, Jr, who was appointed by Obama in 2013. Robb is a management-side labor attorney best known for representing the FAA during the 1981 air traffic controllers’ strike. He is widely expected to undo much of the work his predecessor did to expand worker protections.

See Steven M. Swirsky, The National Law Review, Nov 17 2017

Earlier this week, San Francisco County Superior Court Judge Curtis E.A. Karow ruled against Sutter Health, confirming allegations that the northern California healthcare giant had been abusing it’s huge market share to inflate prices. The corporation had intentionally destroyed 192 boxes of documents that attorneys and unions were hoping to use in a lawsuit against them. The lawsuit was jointly filed against Sutter by the United Food and Commercial Workers Union and its Employers Benefits Trust in 2014, which represents more than 60,000 retirees, workers, and their dependents. However, this joint union-employer health plan will not be the only benefactor of this crucial antitrust ruling. The court certified the case as a class-action lawsuit in August, incorporating hundreds of other employers and self-funded health care plans to benefit from the ruling. The suit alleged that a single night stay at a Sutter Health hospital is around 38% higher than in hospitals in the more competitive Los Angeles Market.

See Chad Terhune, Los Angeles Times, Nov 17 2017

Faculty members in Ontario’s 24 public two-year colleges are continuing to strike after 86% of faculty union members have rejected the College Employer Council’s contract offer. The Ontario Public Service Employee’s Union said that 95% of eligible union members participated in the vote. The strike has been on strike since October 16. The contract included a 1.75% wage increase in the first year, followed by a 2% increase in the following three years.

See Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, Nov 17 2017

Faculty members in Ontario’s 24 public two-year colleges are continuing to strike after 86% of faculty union members have rejected the College Employer Council’s contract offer. The Ontario Public Service Employee’s Union said that 95% of eligible union members participated in the vote. The strike has been on strike since October 16. The contract included a 1.75% wage increase in the first year, followed by a 2% increase in the following three years.

See Elizabeth Redden, Inside Higher Ed, Nov 17 2017

Last week’s firing of the federal contractor who deactivated Trump’s twitter has prompted a discussion about the rise of contract labor across the nation. Not long after, Juli Briskman, a former employee of the federal contractor Akima, was fired for making an offensive hand gesture to the parade of presidential escort vehicles in her northern Virginia neighborhood. Whistleblower Edward Snowden, who formerly worked for the consulting firm Booze Allen Hamilton, released a tweet in solidarity with Briskman’s act of defiance. All three were subcontractors for technology firms. The tech industry was one of the first to heavily use subcontractors, and Silicon Valley corporates praise the practice, arguing that it allows workers more flexible schedules and offers them a way to pursue entrepreneurial endeavors. But critics say that subcontracted work is stressful and unpredictable, and it distances the primary business from legal responsibility for the treatment of workers. Silicon Valley companies still heavily depend on this form of work, and activists say that subcontractors need to band together to push back against the particular vulnerability they face under this system of employment.

See J. Alden Estruth, The Washington Post, Nov 16 2017

Non-tenure track and adjunct faculty at Fordham University overwhelmingly voted in favor of representation by the SEIU. The election results released were released Tuesday and showed that 94% of the 905 eligible employees voted in favor of the union. The SEIU says that since 2013 it has partnered with more than a dozen Catholic universities to negotiate higher wages and greater job security. Negotiations will be opened for two contracts, one for full-time non-tenure track professors and another for part-time adjuncts. Tuesday’s announcement was the culmination of a long struggle between the board and non-tenure track faculty. and last April a demonstration was staged where faculty disrupted a prospective student luncheon, entered the event and pulled fire alarms. Shortly after the university issued a statement saying that it would not oppose or interfere with the unionization effort.

See Colin Sheeley, The Observer, Nov 16 2017

Over the last 13 months, the Arizona Coyotes have been the subject of two investigations by the NLRB after unfair labor practice complaints were filed. The first investigation was prompted after a former employee claimed that the team created a hostile workplace environment and threatened staff if they engaged in union organizing. The employee was fired after complaining that the team failed to properly compensate workers. The investigation ended when the complaint was withdrawn after both sides settled on an agreement in 2016. Details of the settlement were not released, but the Coyotes admitted no fault for the allegations. The second investigation began when another former employee filed an NLRB complaint in addition to a US District Court lawsuit, claiming that the team failed to adhere to federal overtime regulations. A settlement on this issue was reached in September, but its contents were also undisclosed. The NLRB is still investigating the second complaint, and a hearing is set for January 9.

See Satchel Price, SB Nation, Nov 16 2017

Volkswagen has secured even more media attention as a spokesperson confirmed that German prosecutors have been conducting an investigation surrounding the compensation earned by works council chief Bernd Osterloh, a labor leader whose salary is suspected to be inappropriately high. Having been at the center of controversy regarding its falsified diesel emissions data, the Volkswagen works council officially denied that the current probe into the organization is centered on Osterloh. As Osterloh prepares to run for re-election as chief of the works council in the coming year, this investigation may significantly damage his reputation and chances at winning should any suspicious information come to light. Both the works council and Volkswagen have maintained that Osterloh’s remuneration is compliant with the law, but there clearly exists some suspicion regarding possible tax evasion on behalf of the company if it overstates its expenses in its financial documents.

See Christoph Rauwald and Karin Matussek, Bloomberg, Nov 15 2017

Adidas, the second biggest sportswear company in the world, has been honored with the second Thomson Reuters Foundation Stop Slavery Award, alongside The Co-operative Group, Intel, and C&A. The Stop Slavery Award was created by the Thomson Reuters Foundation in 2016 as a way to commemorate companies that work diligently to find and eradicate slave labor in their production processes. Given the surge in the availability of cheap, forced labor in countries with little to no workers’ rights enforcement and massive companies’ exploitation of these opportunities, slave labor has become harder and harder to regulate. The Stop Slavery Award attempts to highlight those companies which are leading the way in enforcing human rights within their business models, hopefully encouraging other companies in all industries to follow in this path.

See Kieran Guilbert, Reuters, Nov 15 2017

Over 355 new jobs have been created within the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) following the signing of a new deal between the MTA and Transport Workers Union Local 100, New York City’s transit union. This deal called for the establishment of “customer service ambassadors”. These workers would patrol the train platforms, providing information and assistance to any travelers with questions or concerns and ideally providing customers with better service while earning better pay than station agent positions. These ambassadors would exclusively work at the busiest train stations, such as Grand Central and Penn Station, and would be equip with iPhones in order to provide up to date and accurate information regarding train schedules, etc. and in order to communicate with other ambassadors.

See Danielle Furfaro, New York Post, Nov 15 2017

A group of undergraduate and graduate students in the ILR School went into Dean Kevin Hallock’s office yesterday to present a letter they collaborated on, voicing concern for the upcoming changes to the ILR curriculum. These changes were guided by the particular calls for de-emphasizing labor in the curriculum at a recent ILR Town Hall meeting. The letter includes a list of demands, including: Add a required ILR course that discusses critical race, gender, and class theory in relation to labor; Hire at least three tenure track professors to make up for shortages and upcoming retirements of faculty in the Labor Relations, Law, and History Department within the next two years; Faculty should be required to undergo diversity and inclusion training upon hiring, and again every two years, as trainings are updated to ensure proper action in response to campus incidents and an ever-changing national and international political climate; Add a number of electives that explore, in depth, issues of labor and the working class; Career Services should dedicate greater resources to outreach efforts concerning labor and nonprofit organizations; and that the administration should meet bimonthly with students to discuss progress on these steps. They also requested a meeting with the committee in charge of the curriculum changes. The students’ are adamant in their resolution that ILR should not be a space that values the promotion of marketable, cooperate skills over the fight for workers’ rights.

See Opinion Department, The Cornell Daily Sun, Nov 14 2017

After Google employee James Damore was fired for sending several controversial messages about workplace diversity to his colleagues, two conflicting federal workplace laws were brought to light. NLRB attorney Jennifer Abruzzo says that the employees are allowed under the NLRA to speak freely with each other about workplace conditions without fear of reprisal. However, Damore’s emails included offensive gender stereotypes that potentially violated Title VII. Speaking on behalf of the NLRB, Abruzzo said that “unless the harassment is pretty bad, these people are protected”. A relatively recent decision in a federal appeals court case affirms the Board’s stance. The NLRB and EEOC are currently working together on a document that will help employers navigate the complications that could arise with the overlapping laws. They have announced that the article will be released in the near future.

See Hassan A. Kanu, Bloomberg BNA, Nov 14 2017